Unlike Ethernet, which is configured to automatically use DHCP on the RPi (Raspberry Pi) by default, setting up a Wifi connection can be difficult to some users. First of all, the RPi can not and should not guess the name of your Wifi network and it surely can’t do so with your Wifi passphrase. I hope you really do not want this.
Now, setting up Wifi can be simple by using the graphical interface and the provided application on the desktop named “Wifi Config”. But this requires you to have a HDMI display and a USB keyboard/mouse ready to be connected. If not, then you can attach your RPi to your router via an Ethernet cable, then connect via ssh to the command line and then configure your Wifi remotely. Below, this procedure is described in more detail.
Step 1 - Requirements
- Raspberry Pi with Raspbian (tested with wheezy-Release)
- Ethernet cable
- A computer which is already connected to your router
- SSH client software (for Windows systems you can use PuTTY, MacOS and GNU/Linux systems are already equipped with such a client software)
Step 2 - Set Up
Connect your RPi to the router using the Ethernet cable and power on the RPi.
Step 3 - Get the IP address of your RPi
Boot it up and figure out the IP address of your RPi. Since we don’t have anything but power and ethernet connected to the RPi we can do so by checking the administration utilities of our router or by doing a ping sweep. Another possibility explained by Remi Bergsma is to scan for the specific range of ethernet addresses used by the RPi boards.
Step 4 - Connect via SSH
Use the SSH Client software to connect to your RPi. On MacOS X and GNU/Linux systems you can do so by opening the Terminal application and entering the command
ssh firstname.lastname@example.org. In this case the IP address is 192.168.1.101 and the username/password are the default ones (username: pi password: raspberry). The password will be requested by the SSH client while the connection is established.
macy:~ jens$ ssh email@example.com firstname.lastname@example.org's password:
Step 5 - Wifi Settings
Now you should have access to the command line of your RPi. Type
sudo nano /etc/network/interfaces to edit the network interface configuration file. You should see something similar like this:
We need to put the information about our Wifi network name and it’s WPA passphrase into this configuration file. Edit your file analogue to this example:
Save the file and close it.
Step 6 - Verify
Verify your changes by rebooting the system with
sudo shutdown -r now
On success, the RPi should automatically connect to your Wifi network on startup. Please note that your router’s DHCP server won’t assign the same IP address to the Wifi connection of the RPi as it did before with the ethernet connection. Therefore, repeat Step 3.
If you figured out the new IP address you should be able to talk to your RPi as usual (SSH, ping, and so on).